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If you trade the forex markets regularly, chances are that a lot of your trading is of the short-term variety; i. From my experience, there is one major flaw with this type of trading: h igh-speed computers and algorithms will spot these patterns faster than you ever will. When I initially started trading, my strategy was similar to that of many short-term traders. That is, analyze the technicals to decide on a long or short position or even no position in the absence of a clear trendand then wait for the all-important breakout, i. I can't tell you how many times I would open a position after a breakout, only for the price to move back in the opposite direction - with my stop loss closing me out of the trade. More often than not, the traders who make the money are those who are adept at anticipating such a breakout before it happens.

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India forex reserves rbi india

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India has large foreign-exchange reserves ; holdings of cash, bank deposits, bonds, and other financial assets denominated in currencies other than India's national currency, the Indian rupee. The reserves are managed by the Reserve Bank of India for the Indian government and the main component is foreign currency assets. Foreign-exchange reserves act as the first line of defense for India in case of economic slowdown, but acquisition of reserves has its own costs.

India's foreign exchange reserves are mainly composed of US dollar in the forms of US government bonds and institutional bonds. The FCAs also include investments in US Treasury bonds, bonds of other selected governments and deposits with foreign central and commercial banks. As of September , India holds fourth largest foreign-exchange reserves in the world following Switzerland.

Reserve Bank of India Act and the Foreign Exchange Management Act, set the legal provisions for governing the foreign exchange reserves. Reserve Bank of India accumulates foreign currency reserves by purchasing from authorized dealers in open market operations.

Foreign exchange reserves of India act as a cushion against rupee volatility once global interest rates start rising. The Foreign Exchange Reserves of India consists of below four categories; [10] [11]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. India's foreign currency holdings. Click here to join our channel indianexpress and stay updated with the latest headlines. The Reserve Bank functions as the custodian and manager of forex reserves, and operates within the overall policy framework agreed upon with the government.

The RBI allocates the dollars for specific purposes. The RBI uses its forex kitty for the orderly movement of the rupee. It sells the dollar when the rupee weakens and buys the dollar when the rupee strengthens. Of late, the RBI has been buying dollars from the market to shore up the forex reserves.

When the RBI mops up dollars, it releases an equal amount in rupees. This excess liquidity is sterilised through issue of bonds and securities and LAF operations. The RBI Act, provides the overarching legal framework for deployment of reserves in different foreign currency assets and gold within the broad parameters of currencies, instruments, issuers and counterparties.

As much as 64 per cent of the foreign currency reserves are held in securities like Treasury bills of foreign countries, mainly the US, 28 per cent is deposited in foreign central banks and 7. India also held In value terms USD , the share of gold in the total foreign exchange reserves increased from about 6.

While the RBI has not divulged the return on forex investment, analysts say it could be around one per cent, or even less than that, considering the fall in interest rates in the US and Euro zone. There was a demand from some quarters that forex reserves should be used for infrastructure development in the country. However, the RBI had opposed the plan. Several analysts argue for giving greater weightage to return on forex assets than on liquidity thus reducing net costs if any, of holding reserves.

Another issue is the high ratio of volatile flows portfolio flows and short-term debt to reserves which is around 80 per cent. This money can exit at a fast pace. There are some differences among academics on the direct as well as indirect costs and benefits of the level of forex reserves, from the point of view of macro-economic policy, financial stability and fiscal or quasi-fiscal impact, former RBI Governor YV Reddy said in one of his speeches.

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India’s forex reserves surge to record high of USD 457.46 billion end-2019

Foreign Exchange Reserves · Foreign Exchange Reserves ; download document 9 kb · download document 8 kb ; PDF document kb · PDF document kb. Report on Foreign Exchange Reserves ; May 12, ; Half Yearly Report on Management of Foreign Exchange Reserves: October - March , India had committed to provide resources up to SDR 4, million under the IMF's New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB). Effective January 01,