There are several other strategies that fall within the price action bracket as outlined above. Price action trading can be utilised over varying time periods long, medium and short-term. The ability to use multiple time frames for analysis makes price action trading valued by many traders. Within price action, there is range, trend, day, scalping, swing and position trading. These strategies adhere to different forms of trading requirements which will be outlined in detail below.
The examples show varying techniques to trade these strategies to show just how diverse trading can be, along with a variety of bespoke options for traders to choose from. Range trading includes identifying support and resistance points whereby traders will place trades around these key levels. This strategy works well in market without significant volatility and no discernible trend.
Technical analysis is the primary tool used with this strategy. There is no set length per trade as range bound strategies can work for any time frame. Managing risk is an integral part of this method as breakouts can occur.
Consequently, a range trader would like to close any current range bound positions. Oscillators are most commonly used as timing tools. Price action is sometimes used in conjunction with oscillators to further validate range bound signals or breakouts. Range trading can result in fruitful risk-reward ratios however, this comes along with lengthy time investment per trade. Use the pros and cons below to align your goals as a trader and how much resources you have.
Trend trading is a simple forex strategy used by many traders of all experience levels. Trend trading attempts to yield positive returns by exploiting a markets directional momentum. Trend trading generally takes place over the medium to long-term time horizon as trends themselves fluctuate in length. As with price action, multiple time frame analysis can be adopted in trend trading. Entry points are usually designated by an oscillator RSI, CCI etc and exit points are calculated based on a positive risk-reward ratio.
Using stop level distances, traders can either equal that distance or exceed it to maintain a positive risk-reward ratio e. If the stop level was placed 50 pips away, the take profit level wold be set at 50 pips or more away from the entry point.
The opposite would be true for a downward trend. When you see a strong trend in the market, trade it in the direction of the trend. Using the CCI as a tool to time entries, notice how each time CCI dipped below highlighted in blue , prices responded with a rally. Not all trades will work out this way, but because the trend is being followed, each dip caused more buyers to come into the market and push prices higher. In conclusion, identifying a strong trend is important for a fruitful trend trading strategy.
Trend trading can be reasonably labour intensive with many variables to consider. The list of pros and cons may assist you in identifying if trend trading is for you. Position trading is a long-term strategy primarily focused on fundamental factors however, technical methods can be used such as Elliot Wave Theory.
Smaller more minor market fluctuations are not considered in this strategy as they do not affect the broader market picture. This strategy can be employed on all markets from stocks to forex. As mentioned above, position trades have a long-term outlook weeks, months or even years! Understanding how economic factors affect markets or thorough technical predispositions, is essential in forecasting trade ideas.
Entry and exit points can be judged using technical analysis as per the other strategies. The Germany 30 chart above depicts an approximate two year head and shoulders pattern , which aligns with a probable fall below the neckline horizontal red line subsequent to the right-hand shoulder. In this selected example, the downward fall of the Germany 30 played out as planned technically as well as fundamentally.
Brexit negotiations did not help matters as the possibility of the UK leaving the EU would most likely negatively impact the German economy as well. In this case, understanding technical patterns as well as having strong fundamental foundations allowed for combining technical and fundamental analysis to structure a strong trade idea. Day trading is a strategy designed to trade financial instruments within the same trading day. That is, all positions are closed before market close.
This can be a single trade or multiple trades throughout the day. Trade times range from very short-term matter of minutes or short-term hours , as long as the trade is opened and closed within the trading day. Traders in the example below will look to enter positions at the when the price breaks through the 8 period EMA in the direction of the trend blue circle and exit using a risk-reward ratio.
The chart above shows a representative day trading setup using moving averages to identify the trend which is long in this case as the price is above the MA lines red and black. Entry positions are highlighted in blue with stop levels placed at the previous price break. Take profit levels will equate to the stop distance in the direction of the trend. The pros and cons listed below should be considered before pursuing this strategy.
Scalping in forex is a common term used to describe the process of taking small profits on a frequent basis. This is achieved by opening and closing multiple positions throughout the day. The most liquid forex pairs are preferred as spreads are generally tighter, making the short-term nature of the strategy fitting.
Scalping entails short-term trades with minimal return, usually operating on smaller time frame charts 30 min — 1min. Like most technical strategies, identifying the trend is step 1. Many scalpers use indicators such as the moving average to verify the trend. Using these key levels of the trend on longer time frames allows the trader to see the bigger picture. These levels will create support and resistance bands.
Scalping within this band can then be attempted on smaller time frames using oscillators such as the RSI. Stops are placed a few pips away to avoid large movements against the trade. The long-term trend is confirmed by the moving average price above MA. Timing of entry points are featured by the red rectangle in the bias of the trader long. Traders use the same theory to set up their algorithms however, without the manual execution of the trader. With this practical scalp trading example above, use the list of pros and cons below to select an appropriate trading strategy that best suits you.
Swing trading is a speculative strategy whereby traders look to take advantage of rang bound as well as trending markets. Swing trades are considered medium-term as positions are generally held anywhere between a few hours to a few days. Longer-term trends are favoured as traders can capitalise on the trend at multiple points along the trend. The only difference being that swing trading applies to both trending and range bound markets. A combination of the stochastic oscillator, ATR indicator and the moving average was used in the example above to illustrate a typical swing trading strategy.
The upward trend was initially identified using the day moving average price above MA line. Stochastics are then used to identify entry points by looking for oversold signals highlighted by the blue rectangles on the stochastic and chart. Risk management is the final step whereby the ATR gives an indication of stop levels.
The ATR figure is highlighted by the red circles. This figure represents the approximate number of pips away the stop level should be set. For example, if the ATR reads At DailyFX, we recommend trading with a positive risk-reward ratio at a minimum of This would mean setting a take profit level limit at least After seeing an example of swing trading in action, consider the following list of pros and cons to determine if this strategy would suit your trading style.
Carry trades include borrowing one currency at lower rate, followed by investing in another currency at a higher yielding rate. This will ultimately result in a positive carry of the trade. This strategy is primarily used in the forex market. Carry trades are dependent on interest rate fluctuations between the associated currencies therefore, length of trade supports the medium to long-term weeks, months and possibly years.
Forex scalping focuses on accumulating these small but frequent profits as well as trying to limit any losses. These short-term trades would involve price movements of just a few pips , but combined with high leverage, a trader can still run the risk of significant losses. This forex strategy is typically suited to those that can dedicate their time to the higher-volume trading periods, and can maintain focus on these rapid trades.
High volume trading periods include:. The most liquid FX currency pairs are often preferred as they contain the tightest spreads, allowing traders to enter and exit positions quickly. Some examples include:. Profit or losses are a result of any intraday price changes in the relevant currency pair. If major economic news were to hit that day, it could affect your position.
Although this strategy normally means less time fixating on the market than when day trading, it does leave you at risk of any disruption overnight, or gapping. Learn more about swing trading strategies. The most patient traders may choose the forex position trading , which is less concerned with short-term market fluctuations and instead focuses on the long term. Position traders will hold forex positions for several weeks, months, or even years.
Forex position trading is more suited for those who cannot dedicate hours each day to trading but have an acute understanding of market fundamentals. A carry trade involves borrowing from a lower interest currency pair to fund the purchase of a currency pair with a higher interest rate This strategy can be either negative or positive, depending on the pair that you are trading.
The above forex trading strategies cover general variables such as the time span a position is active, the time dedicated to researching markets and the time spent monitoring positions. This helps to distinguish when you will trade, how many positions you will open and how you will split your time between researching markets and monitoring active positions. However, the following list includes trading strategies based on important support and resistance levels that are specifically designed for the forex market.
Many forex traders believe levels that were important in the past could be important in the future. So, if the forex pair slips back to that level again it could, therefore, signify a potential trading opportunity. Similar to analysing support levels, forex traders also analyse resistance levels.
The resistance level is a point where the market turned from its previous peak and headed back down. If a market is appreciating but then suddenly falls, the overall view is likely to be that the price is getting too expensive. This forex trading strategy mirrors the bounce strategy. Such strategies, based on previous highs and lows on a chart, can make risk management relatively straightforward for any trader.
For instance, if we are looking for a bounce off a level, our stop loss can go below that previous low point. If we are looking to sell short when a market starts to falter near a previous high, then many traders will place a stop loss above that previous high.
Resistance and support levels are dynamic and are prone to price breakouts in either direction. If the price exceeds important support or resistant levels it is likely to breakout. Many traders could view this as a potentially important change in market sentiment.
Previously when the forex pair was up at that high, the sellers moved in and the price fell, suggesting the market had reached an overvalued level. If that old high is breached, also known as breaking resistance, then something has clearly changed. Traders are now happy to keep on buying where previously they thought the price was too expensive. This can be an effective forex trading strategy for catching new trends. Every journey starts with a single step. When direction in the markets changes then the breakout trading strategy is often one of the early signals.
Similar in function, but in the opposite direction to the breakout strategy is the breakdown strategy. This forex trading strategy is designed to jump aboard a move when a forex market slips below a previous support level. Once again, many traders could view this as a change in sentiment towards the market.
Suddenly a level where buyers were happy to buy as they viewed the market as cheap and expected it to rise — has been broken. This breakthrough of what is known as a support level can be viewed as an opportunity to short sell and try to profit from further weakness in price. It is an important example as it demonstrates that, in the real world, even the best forex trading strategies do not work all the time.
There is a false signal highlighted by the circle before the effective signal highlighted by the black arrows that saw the market really start to fall. The forex trading strategies mentioned so far have been based on chart patterns and the use of support and resistance levels. This belongs to a family of trading tools known as oscillators — so-called because they oscillate as the markets move.
This means that it could be getting overstretched and some traders will use this as a signal to expect the market to fall back. Traders will be watching closely, expecting any weakness to run out of steam and the market to turn back up and use this as a buy signal. Seamlessly open and close trades, track your progress and set up alerts.
When using any of the above forex trading strategies, it is wise to be aware of methods that you can use to adapt your forex strategy. For example, depending on your strategy, you may wish to use the below strategies alongside other forex strategies to reduce risk exposure or to provide additional information for a forex trade. To protect oneself against an undesirable move in a currency pair, traders can hold both a long and short position simultaneously.
This offsets your exposure to the potential downside but also limits any profit. By playing both sides of the market, you can get an idea of the direction the trend is heading, so you can potentially close your position and re-enter at a better price. This is particularly useful is you suspect the market to experience some short-term volatility.
Hedging as part of your forex strategy can help reduce some short-term losses if you predict correctly. To trade forex without examining external factors like economic news or derivative indicators, you can use a forex trading strategy based on price action. This involves reading candlestick charts and using them to identify potential trading opportunities, based solely on price movements.
Generally, this strategy should be used alongside another forex trading strategy like swing trading or day trading. Using the price action strategy when trading forex means you can see real-time results, rather than having to wait for external factors or news to break. Expecting major economic announcements? Our forex indices are a collection of related, strategically-selected pairs, grouped into a single basket.
Forex trading strategies provide a basis for trading forex markets. By following a general strategy, you can help to define what type of trader you are. By defining factors such as when you like to trade and what indicators you like to trade on, you can start to develop a forex strategy.
Once you have developed a strategy you can identify patterns in the markets, and test your strategies effectiveness. This way, the forex trader is adaptable to many situations and can adapt their trading strategy to almost any forex market.
See the 7 trading strategies every trader should know to broaden your knowledge on trading styles. Forex trading strategies involve analysis of the market to determine the best entry and exit points, as well as position size and trade timing. Additionally, it can involve technical indicators, which a trader will use to try and forecast future market performance.
Forex traders can use a wide range of tools as part of their strategy to predict forex market movements, but these tools fall into the categories of technical analysis and fundamental analysis. Technical analysis involves evaluating assets based on previous market data, in an attempt to forecast market trends and reversals. This usually comes in the format of chart patterns, technical indicators or technical studies.
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Price action trading. Range trading strategy. Trend trading strategy.